24 Mar 2014

  • Posted by Utah Martial Arts Feeds
  • Learn Pinning and Start Winning!

    This Article comes from Ruiz Combat Grappling – Blog
    To see the full original article click here

    Wade Schalles is one of the hidden gems of US wrestling.
    Why on earth he isnt coaching more at the upper level of collegiate wrestling is
    beyond me. I just got done watching his Killer Cradles DVD series. Wade’s
    knowledge is amazing and im very excited to put his ideas into my team’s
    training. Here is some of what Wade had done: (from Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wade_Schalles)

    “Wade Schalles…is an American amateur wrestler, a
    two-time NCAA National Championwho holds multiple records in the sport
    including holding the Guinness Book of World Records title for most amateur
    wrestling wins and pins, and is the creator of several of wrestling’s most
    notorious moves – including the Spladleand the Cement

    This guy has been credited with inventing moves for heaven’s sake!

    “Dan Gable called him, “the greatest pinner he’s ever seen!” Currently he is in the Guinness
    Book of World Records for having the most wins and pins of anyone who has ever competed.”

    This DVD is about pinning and the principles that Wade shares work. Recently I had an athlete in our club
    who was struggling; I mean getting totally obliterated by everyone he wrestled. I shared a couple of
    small details from this DVD with my athlete and then he proceeded to pin his way
    to three consecutive wins and a first place finish at a local spring tournament.
    Having the knowledge to perform is the first part of success. I saw my athlete
    turn a corner at that tournament and not only did he finally win some matches he
    gained much needed confidence. 

    I promise you that there will be far fewer athletes out there learning and doing the techniques and
    that Wade teaches than those that are. You have the great opportunity to start winning
    more and become a champion. 

    All it takes is one DVD. For the cost of what many of you will pay on a couple of forgotten weekends
    of movies, popcorn and pizza you could put the keys to pinning and winning into your hands.  

    I highly recommend this DVD for anyone looking for more pins and wants to become a champion.

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    1 Feb 2014

  • Posted by Utah Martial Arts Feeds
  • Submit Your Jiu Jitsu Plateau

    This Article comes from Nuclearchainsaw » Jiu Jitsu and Judo
    To see the full original article click here

    You’re at a plateau in your jiu jitsu - another long period of time where no progression is seen.  You’re in that area of limbo where you’re just floating and everyone above you is getting better, everyone below you is inching closer and you’re

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    23 Jan 2014

  • Posted by Utah Martial Arts Feeds
  • 7 BJJ Tips To Calm Your First-Tournament Nerves

    This Article comes from Nuclearchainsaw » Jiu Jitsu and Judo
    To see the full original article click here

    Your first jiu jitsu tournament can run you rampant with confusion, stress, and andrenaline.  I have yet to see someone enter their first competition and get full of questions, cotton mouth and nerves.  Here are some tips to help with

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    9 Dec 2013

  • Posted by Scott Vincent
  • Should You Give Up On “Just Technique”?

    Here’s the paradox – Jiu jitsu is made to benefit the smaller man in a fight.  Bigger man learns jiu jitsu then fights smaller man, now we are back to square 1 – all else being even, big man beats smaller man.

    What it boils down to is the question, “If a big guy knows everything that you know, how is technique going to help you?”.  That’s a pretty good question.

    I don’t think of it as giving the little guy an advantage so much as leveling the playing field and making it even.  Let’s face it, smaller guys call pull stuff that bigger guys can’t and vice versa.  BUT, if it levels the field, shouldn’t the question come in about using strength?

    Jiu jitsu evolves every day.  Don’t believe me?  Then show me a video of Helio using a berimbolo sweep.


    That being said, why is it that using strength is so looked down upon?  Shouldn’t there be times to use strength in matches?  Hasn’t it evolved to the point that the “pure technique” theory is losing some footing?

    Some will agree, some won’t.  I for one, agree that focusing on technique gives you great muscle memory and reaction and strength is to be used as a last-ditch effort, but it certainly shouldn’t be chastised.

    I was at the gym just last week and saw someone get caught in a triangle and the victim (uke) came over, sat down and said something to the effect of, “yea, but he had to muscle it on.”  That got me thinking….it got me thinking something along the lines of, “So?”…and now here I am – he got triangled and tapped…strength or not.  If he got “muscled” into it, would his technique have gotten him out or could he have muscled through it?  Who knows…but it brought the thought to me…why was this guy so offended about getting muscled into a submission?

    So in lies my goal over the next few weeks – use zero strength…if I have to muscle out of something, I’m not going to do it.  It’s the only way to figure this out, and it stands to be quite the few weeks.


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    25 Oct 2013

  • Posted by Utah Martial Arts Feeds
  • Grappling Heroes: Freestyle Wrestling-Bruce Baumgartner-USA

    This Article comes from Ruiz Combat Grappling – Blog
    To see the full original article click here

    Bruce Baumgartner is the most decorated American wrestler of all time. He dominated over a decade of competition winning 4 Olympic medals, 9 world medals, including two Olympic golds and 3 World Championships, 8 World Cup
    championships, and 17 National championships.
    When it comes to talking about ‘Best of All Time’ in American wrestling unfortunately for some reason Bruce often gets overlooked. In my mind he is the one and only choice hands down.

    In a country that prides itself on one-hit Olympic wonders and some time world medalists Bruce deserves much more recognition than he often receives. He was never a flashy wrestler but he consistently represented himself and the
    Unites States in world and Olympic competition. For years the US took for granted the medals that Bruce would bring home in the heavyweight division. 
    Baumgartner won his first Olympic medal (Gold 1984) at age 24 and his last at age 36 (Bronze 1996). Since his retirement from competition the US has struggled in bringing home medals in the Freestyle heavy weight division. 

    I only had one opportunity to watch Bruce Baumgartner live in action. I was fortunate enough to see him dominate Tom Erikson in the finals match of the 1995 national championships held in Las Vegas, Nevada. Erikson would later go on to become a Mixed Martial Arts champion.

    Bruce was a force of nature and was the biggest human being I had ever seen. He was big and powerful. He exuded determination and acted and performed with a purpose.

    The thing that stood out most to me about him wasn’t his obliteration of Erikson but that after he had finished winning his national title he continued training. He began vigorously jumping rope; he ran sprints up and down the arena floor. He had a look of steel on his face. His determination was incredible. He was preparing for the 1995 freestyle world championships which were going to be held in Atlanta, Georgia. Bruce went on to win the world championships that year as well. 

    His example stuck with me for years and it was one of the more influential things I’ve witnessed as a wrestler.

    Resources: Bruce Baumgartner


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    25 Oct 2013

  • Posted by Utah Martial Arts Feeds
  •  The Problem of Problem Solving

    This Article comes from Ruiz Combat Grappling – Blog
    To see the full original article click here

    PictureProblem solving in the world final.
    “You don’t always have to be the best team to win the game.” Was a quote I heard recently that got me thinking; How many times do athletes with more skill or ability lose to opponents that they should not?

    Unfortunately there are times when an athlete loses to an opponent that they should not lose to. Coaches often say “he falls apart mentally,” or “It’s all in his head”. It is often in fact, not all in his head. The reason that it is not all in the athlete’s head is because the coach hasn’t put it all in there. There are often pieces of the puzzle missing and coaches need to understand this and correct it.

    Athletes often have more techniques than they know what to do with, in consequence they don’t do. They are often unsure of the logical next step of the match. This has been the downfall of many a potentially great athlete. Techniques are great but one size doesn’t always fit.

    Conditioning is required however on its own it gets wasted and misused. If it
    is undirected it can be a double edged sword. Athletes make mistakes of being
    over aggressive and forcing offense.  Coaches and athletes alike are
    willing to work hard and push it physically. They often miss one of the most
    important pieces of the competition puzzle, Problem Solving.

    The number one skill that must be developed to be a successful wrestler is
    problem solving. Too often coaches and athletes forget that the sport of
    wrestling is one of physical problem solving. I have never had a coach that sat
    me down and explained that to me. They never explained here is how the match
    starts, here is what happens next, here is what happens after that, here is how
    it can end, here are options for a, b, c. 

    Never. Not one. Most likely because no one explained it to them. In fact I
    can almost guarantee it. I did have coaches that showed me their favorite
    techniques, the techniques they knew, the best techniques of the day etc.
    Obviously it served me pretty well over the years but it leaves that same
    problem, how to solve new and dynamic problems that come at you at extreme

    As I’ve coached my wrestling club athletes and others I’ve made efforts to
    pick up where others left off or missed completely. I figure if we talk about
    wrestling and the grappling arts in general as being 90% mental why don’t we
    actually train that way? Why do we spend so much time improving our physical
    attributes while our mind and problem solving muscles get the day off?

    When athletes join my club they get exposed to next level thinking. I ask
    questions and make them come up with solutions. We walk through slow motion
    matches and scenarios. I show them how a match should play out under xyz

    I help my athletes understand there is more to wrestling than just a
    hodge-podge of techniques. For many of them it has brought great breakthroughs
    in their development that they were unable to find elsewhere. We often talk
    through situations and scenarios involving the score and how points were created
    and then what is the best choice of position and the reasoning behind it. I’ve
    had the good fortune to have trained under Olympic champions and they never
    taught in the way that I’m describing. 

    What I ultimately want an athlete to achieve is a higher level of problem
    solving. I want them to be able to look at the game differently from a 10,000
    feet view. This helps them gain a greater appreciation of the skills they do
    have while learning more about how they can personally have success. This is
    ultimately how true confidence, or self trust, is developed. Athletes cannot
    truly be confident without a greater perspective and understanding of what it is
    they are to accomplish and how to do so. 

    Take a look at your current training and outlook towards competition and
    determine how you can become a better problem solver. As you develop solutions
    you will ultimately have more success as an athlete or coach. Start small by
    taking the first 5-10 minutes of your technical training and devote it to coming
    up with “What if…” questions and solutions. Some simple questions worth
    considering are:

    If you’re taken down in the first period and ridden for the rest of it
    without giving up near fall points what is the best option if given your choice
    of position in the second period and why?

    How would you comeback from a 3 point deficit starting the third period?

    What would you do to counter a single leg?

    What if you were up by 1 with 30 seconds left? How do you proceed?

    These are simple questions and you may already have worked on a few or some
    similar to them. As you get more comfortable you can start asking more detailed
    and tougher questions like these:

    What if you’re opponent has just taken you down and gained near fall and
    you’re now down by 4 points. You have not scored from the feet but you were able
    to control him on top from a reversal you scored in the second period. Where
    would you most likely be able to score points next? How can you bring back the
    points to even and either; win or put it into overtime?

    What if you’ve just scored a takedown with 30 seconds left to tie the score.
    Letting your opponent up would mean that he gains 1 point but if you take
    him down you can win now. If you can ride for 30 seconds you can put it
    into overtime and have a chance to win in overtime. What do you do? How will you do it? What are the potential risks and potential rewards? Which option gives you the
    best chance of winning according to your own skill set?

    As you begin to add more detail and insert personal strengths and limitations
    you begin to see the problem more clearly and a more realistic and attainable
    solution begins to present itself. This is how real and lasting confidence is
    developed and this is how champions are made. If you do this I can guarantee
    that you’ll start having much more success than you are now.

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    21 Oct 2013

  • Posted by Utah Martial Arts Feeds
  • Role of Ship Sam Seh in the Art

    This Article comes from Wasatch Martial Arts Blog
    To see the full original article click here

    The Ship Sam Seh was an integral part of the evolution of the art of Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan. The Ship Sam Seh is a systematic approach to the art of Tae Kuk Kwon, teaching self defense theory through the practice of Hyung. Within the Tae Kuk Kwon hyung, you can find all of the points of Ship Sam Seh. It’s important to note that Ship Sam Seh philosophy goes beyond physical training and includes Weh Gong, Neh Gong, and Shim Gong aspects. The scope of this article will look primarily at the Weh Gong application of Ship Sam Seh and how it affected the evolution of Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan in Hyung and Dae Ryun practice. First, we examine the history of Ship Sam Seh.

    Historical Context

    Ship_Sam_SehThroughout all of history, man has tried to understand the workings of the universe and his relationship with both Heaven and Earth. One of the earliest texts dedicated to the study of nature and the relationship between the elements is the I Ching 易經 (Ju Yuk in Korean). The I Ching represents the world via 64 sets of of six lines each called hexagrams (卦 gwe). The Solid line —– represents Yang and a broken line — – represents Um. The interactions between the solid lines (yang) and the broken lines (um) were represented by the Um and Yang symbol, called Tae Kuk (太極), meaning Grand Ultimate. I equate the teachings of I Ching to simply mean Um/Yang Philosophy.

    In ancient Korea, the traditional Um/Yang symbol had three distinct sections instead of two: heaven, earth and human. These people deduced that whenever two forces opposed one another one of two things would happen: one force would
    dominate the other, thus one would be superior and the other inferior; or the two forces would be equal, becoming neutral. They examined how the forces of Um and Yang impacted Humanity. This is the essence of I Ching. Everything around us has an opposite: hot and cold, high and low, summer and winter, fire and water. Um energy is soft, yielding and passive. Yang is hard, aggressive and active. Striking a balance between Um and Yang energies would result in Tae Guk or Grand Ultimate. Tae Guk is a state of neutrality where perfect harmony exists. Energies naturally flow from yang to um and back to yang effortlessly. Neither force dominates the other.

    Western minds think in a linear fashion with a beginning and multiple steps leading to an end. Conversely, Eastern thought can be illustrated better by a circle. There is neither a beginning nor an end but a circle filled with a number of phases, each leading in both directions to another. An example that can be found in both Western and Eastern culture is the concept of the “circle of life”. Initially, you may think of life as a straight line beginning with birth (yang) and ending in death (um). However, after we die, our bodies return to the earth and give nutrients to the soil to produce more life (yang), which will eventually produce more death (um). This endless circle is an example of how nature is constantly flowing from Yang to Um energy.

    Daoism and the martial arts

    This Um/Yang philosophy can be found in every aspect of Korean culture including Astrology, agriculture, architecture, nutrition and even fighting arts (kwon bup). The variation of Um/Yang philosophy that correlates with kwon bup is known as Ship Sam Seh (13 Principles/Influences/Postures), though the application is much more holistic than mere “fist techniques”.

    Most scholars agree that the martial arts from Japan, Okinawa, and Korea all stem from China. Where there may be documentation of Chinese martial arts beginning before the Shaolin Temple, we can agree that Shaolin is the most famous. There is also some evidence that shows that the indigineous Korean martial art Soo Bahk was created in isolation of Chinese influence. While that may or may not be true, Hwang Kee, Chang Shi Ja received most of his formal training in China and was heavily influenced by Chinese styles such as So Rim Jang Kwon and Tae Kuk Kwon. As a result, to better understand the impact of Ship Sam Seh on our Art, it’s important for us to take a look into Chinese martial arts.

    As early as the first centuries BC, physicians would recommend calisthenic exercises called “daoyin” (導引), which translates to “guiding and pulling.” These were used to both cure and prevent disease and focused on both body movement and breathing techniques. These would strengthen your body and provide rejuvenation by stimulating meridians and improving Ki (氣), or vital energy. An old Zhuangzi quote demonstrates the effectiveness of daoyin:

    To pant, to puff, to hail, to sip, to spit out the old breath and draw in the new, practicing bear-hangings and bird-stretchings, longevity his only concern–such is the life favored by the scholar who practices daoyin, the man who nourishes his body, who hopes to live to be as old as Pengzu, for more than eight hundred years.1” 

    At the Shaolin Temple and elsewhere, martial arts training was coupled with daoyin exercises for longevity. Some of these exercises are still practiced by Soo Bahk Do practitioners today and can be found in Hwang Kee, Chang Shi Ja’s Volume I textbook. The first is Moo Pahl Dan Kuhm (八段錦) more commonly known in the martial arts community as Ba Duan Jin, which means 8 level brocade or silk2. The second is Yuk Keun Kyung (易筋經), more commonly known as Yi Jin Jing, translated to Changing Tendons Classic3 . The prior is used to stretch the body while the former is used to strengthen the body. Both circulate Ki, open the meridians, and utilize Um/Yang philosophy. Over time, these Neh Gong exercises became commonplace and the martial arts broadened from a strictly military or self defense focus, to a total wellness system for self defense, internal health, and mental well-being. It’s important to note that Ship Sam Seh has much more than mere martial application, but was primarily used for increased longevity. The Song of Ship Sam Seh asks the question: “What is the main purpose of the martial arts?” The following verse gives the answer: “Rejuvenation and prolonging of life beyond the normal span.”

    Tae Kuk Kwon and Ship Sam Seh 

    The Ship Sam Seh is broken down into two components, each a representation of Um/Yang Philosophy: Pal Gwe or 8 Forces/Directions and Oh Haeng, or 5 Energies/Elements. They were used as fundamental principle of Tae Kuk Kwon. Though the creator of Tae Kuk Kwon is unknown, many attribute Chang San Feng (張三豐), or Jang Sam Bong in Korean, as thefounder4. In his treatise, the Tae Kuk Kwon Kyung (太極拳經), he introduces Ship Sam Seh5: Peng, Lu, Chi, An,Ts’ai, Lieh, Chou, and K’are equated to the Eight Trigrams.

    The first four are the cardinal directions; Ch’ien [South; Heaven],
    K’un [North; Earth],
    K’an [West; Water], and
    Li [East; Fire].
    The second four are the four corners:
    Sun [Southwest; Wind],
    Chen [Northeast; Thunder],
    Tui [Southeast; Lake], and
    Ken [Northwest; Mountain].
    Advance (Chin), Withdraw (T’ui),
    Look Left (Tso Ku), Look Right (Yu Pan), and Central Equilibrium (Chung Ting)
    are equated to the five elements:
    Metal, Wood, Water, Fire, and Earth
    All together these are termed the Thirteen Postures

    Having an understanding of Ship Sam Seh philosophy will teach you how to react to neutralize an attack. If someone attacks high (yang), then counter low (um). If your opponent has a strong straight line (yang), then side-step off of his line (um). There are, however, more strategies than merely Um and Yang. You have only scratched the surface of the possibilities. The Pal Gwe and the Oh Haeng are derivatives of Um/Yang, each having an Um or Yang characteristic, but each is also distinct with its own set of unique attributes.

    Pal Gwe

    The Pal Gwe, or 8 forces, are connected to the 8 directions on a compass. The directions are further divided into Sa Jung (four principle directions) and Sa Wu (four corners or intermediary directions). This shows your positioning in space and the ability to move in the 8 directions by stepping, hopping, lunging, etc. Without stepping, you can also use Pal Gwe on the way you move your mass. This is done by moving your waist: Left, Right, Forward, Backward, Up, Down, Clockwise, Counter clockwise.

    Besides physical direction (yang), each Gwe has a specific strategy or technique (um) associated with it that applies directly to dae ryun. Many of the indiviual techniques and strategies can also be found in the Yuk Ro and Chil Sung Hyung. The Sa Jung, or four principle directions, are considered “Yang” and are more aggressive and should be used when there is a greater distance between you and your opponent. The intent of these strategies may include exposing vulnerabilities for counter attacking, redirecting the energy of an attack, creating distance from your opponent, or disrupting your opponent’s center and rendering him off-balance. The table below lists the Sa Jung.

    Translation Korean Hanja Gwe Meaning Energy
    Ward off Pong Ward off by disrupting center of gravity. Heaven
    Roll Back Ri circular, yielding motion Earth
    Press Jeh Press or squeeze offensively. Water
    Push Ahn Push with the palms. Fire

    The Sa Wu, or intermediary directions, are “Um” in nature and are designed for in-close fighting. In-close fighting has a new set of challenges and opportunities. You can trap, grab, or pull a limb as a counter measure or even as an attack. You can also strike, create distance, or disrupt your opponent’s center. Table 2 lists the Sa Wu.

    Korean Hanja Gwe Meaning Energy
    Pull Down Chae Grabbing energy, usually followed by a pull. Wind
    Split Yul Splits from striking energy Thunder
    Elbow Ju Elbow Striking Lake
    Shoulder Ko Striking with the full body Mountain

    Oh Haeng 

    Just as the Um and Yang philosophy was an ancient way of explaining nature, the Oh Haeng was a further attempt to explain more complex forces of nature. The Oh Haeng, or 5 Elements/Energies include: Fire, Water, Wood, Metal and Earth. Each element produces a unique energy (Ki) that can be cultivated for Kwon Bup and for health.

    Element Energy Season Color Virtue Emotion Organ
    Water Soo Ki Winter Black Respect Fear Kidneys
    Wood Mok Ki Sprint Green Kindness Anger Liver
    Fire Hwa ki Summer Red Trust Envy Heart
    Metal Kum Ki Fall White Honesty Sadness Lungs
    Earth Ji Ki Yellow Golden Rule Worry Spleen

    The 5 Elements demonstrate two important cycles in nature: the creative cycle and the destructive cycle. Creation occurs in the following order: Water is needed to grow wood, wood ignites to create fire, fire burns the wood which creates ash (earth), metal is extracted from the earth, and water condenses and forms on metal. You can use the creation cycle in many ways:

    Respect > Kindness > Trust > Openness > Honesty > Respect Fear > Anger > Envy > Worry > Sadness > Fear 

    The destructive cycle is equally as intuitive:  Water smothers a fireFire melts metalMetal chops wood. Wood breaks up the earthEarth muddies water.  The destructive cycle also holds true:

    Respect  >  Trust  >  Honesty  >  Kindness  >  Openness  >  Respect

    Fear        >  Envy   >  Sadness  >  Anger      >  Worry        >  Fear

    Within the context of Kwon Bup (fist fighting), each element has unique attributes and can be sub-divided by Um (internal) and Yang (external).  The Oh Bo are the 5 Steps—Advance, Retreat, Right, Left, Center—and refers only to direction of movement.  In traditional Ship Sam Seh, the 8 Postures are combined with the 5 Steps so Pong (ward off) could be performed by stepping forward, back, twisting right, twisting left, and maintaining your center.

    The internal strategies, called Oh Mal, are much more telling:  Listen, Connect, Adhere, Redirect and Yield.  Table 4 summarizes the Oh Mal.

    Element External Internal Meaning
    Fire Jin—Advance Chum Listen Hands—Listen with your whole body.
    Water Toe—Retreat Yeon Connect with your opponent.  Literally means “Chariots in a row”.  Control your opponent.
    Wood Koe–Move Left Jum Adhere, stick to your opponents (sticky hands).
    Metal Ban–Move Right Soo Follow and lead as you adhere.  Take control.
    Earth Jung– Centered Boo Joo Hang “Don’t Oppose Force”, or Following

    The O Mal, or 5 Strategies, seem to be  a set of ordered instructions on how to face an opponent effectively. Many of these strategies can be found intertwined in the Song of Ship Sam Seh–though the Song of Ship Sam Seh does not discuss Ship Sam Seh directly. The first step is to have good shi sun and “pay attention to the slightest change from full to empty.”  Listening hands has to do with reading your opponent based on his eyes, body movement, stance and breath.  Once you begin to read your opponent, then you try and connect with him.  “Surprising things will happen when you meet your opponent.”  Move in harmony with your opponent so that you move as one entity.  “Pay attention to the slightest change from full to empty”.  This is the beginning of controlling your opponent.

    Once you have gained a connection with your opponent, you must maintain it by adhering to him.  This can be done physically through an exercise called “sticky hands” or it could be a mu sang exercise where you maintain a harmonious connection with your partner.  Learn to follow or lead your opponent without aggression.  You will begin to control your opponent without any effort (don’t oppose force) as a result of this connection.  Each strategy seamlessly prepares you for the next strategy.  Unlike the rest of the Oh Haeng and Pal Gwe groupings, these strategies are to be used simultaneously.

    The O Mal can be better explained by Yang Ch’eng-fu’s writing of 1930 called Yang Family Forty Chapters:

    “Sticking means lifting and raising high; adhering means clinging and attachment; connecting means giving up yourself and not separating from the opponent; and following means that I respond to my opponent’s movements.”

    The principles of Ship Sam Seh that we have discussed thus far have been neatly packaged into a single form called Tae Kuk Kwon. Tae Kuk is the name for the Um/Yang symbol and Kwon translates to “fist”, or the fist fighting style of Um and Yang. Within the hyung, Pal Gwe and Oh Haeng are expressed. By practicing Tae Kuk Kwon Hyung, one can begin to understand the sparring principles of Tae Kuk Kwon. This same pattern can be found today in Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan through hyung practice.

    Soo Bahk Do & Ship Sam Seh

    Soo Bahk Do also has a set of Hyung that we use as guiding principles into our art. These are the hyung created by Hwang Kee, Chang Shi Ja called Chil Sung Hyung, Yuk Ro Hyung, and Hwa Sun Hyung. It’s also interesting to note that there is another set called Ship Dan Kuhm that are not widely practiced.

    After practicing the hyung, we extrapolate sparring concepts and apply them to Ja Yu Dae Ryun. Modern-day examples include Hwa Kuk Jang Kap Kwon and Peet Cha Gi. Even today, we are in the process of evolution as the USA TAC define a new way of sparring at the US National Festival that better demonstrates our philosophy of Um/Yang, connection, and unique Soo Bahk Do technique. This new sparring format better aligns with the principles we learn in our unique hyung.

    Though we do not practice all of the 8 postures of Tae Kuk Kwon, many of the principles are the same.

    Chain of Command

    Soo Bahk Do is known for it’s unique Use of Hip and clear understanding of chain of command from your mind, to your waist, elbows/knees, to each weapon on your hand and foot. Today, we reference Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion (F=ma) to explain the concept scientifically, but the application is the same. This principle is integral in Tae Kuk Kwon and is taught side by side with Ship Sam Seh. Jang Sam Bong, the legendary founder of Tae Kuk Kwon wrote a treatise on Tae Kuk Kwon, called the Tae Kuk Kwon Kyung. Within the text, he prefaced his explanation of Ship Sam Seh by explaining chain of command7:

    “Let the postures be without breaks or holes, hollows or projections, or discontinuities and continuities of form. The motion should be rooted in the feet, released through the legs, controlled by the waist, and manifested through the fingers. The feet, legs, and waist must act together simultaneously, so that while stepping forward or back the timing and position are correct. If the timing and position are not correct, the body becomes disordered, and the defect must be sought in the legs and waist.”

    Centuries later, The Song of Ship Sam Seh was written that alluded to these same principles with the following quotes:

    “The source of the will is in the waist.”
    “When the base of the spine is erect, energy rises to the top of the head”

    8 Ways of Moving the Huri

    Pal Gwe, or the 8 directions, can be likened to the 8 different ways of moving your center: front, back, up, down, right, left, twisting clockwise, twisting counter clockwise. I’ve found that every technique incorporates one or more of these directions. Ahp Cha Gi is primarily front. Dullryo Cha Gi utilizes front and twisting  with the direction depending on which foot is kicking. Hu Gul Choong Dan Soo Do Mahkee includes twisting, back, and down.

    Applying Oh Bo (5 Steps) to Soo Bahk Do “postures”

    As the mass moves in the 8 various directions using Soo Bahk Do techniques or “postures”, we can also apply the 5 steps. We attack generally by moving forward and defend by moving back. Oftentimes, a better defense is to step left or right into what we call a “sidestep.” The term “boo joo hang” is of particular interest because it means not opposing force. This is done traditionally by standing your ground and yielding to an attack without necessarily using footwork.

    Boo Joo Hang (non-opposition of force)

    Boo Joo Jang is a great way to summarize our philosophy towards sparring. Our blocks are very yielding and receptive in nature. We prefer to receive or redirect energy rather than attempt to stop or destroy it. Our focus on side stepping and creating distance from the attack are ways that we prefer to not oppose a force. A good example of this is the application of Do Mal Shik E Bon against a high attack.

    Harmony of Um and Yang (Tae Kuk)

    Our sparring is very unique with the purpose of creating harmony with a partner rather than creating conflict. This is a result of moving and responding according to the laws of nature. When one is offensive, the other is defensive. Clashing is discouraged as this creates disharmony by both parties moving offensively simultaneously. As discussed above, our blocks are truly “Um” in nature, receptive rather than aggressive. Most self defense systems portray a defense as an opportunity for offense and the block is done in an aggressive fashion. This is contrary to the laws of Um and Yang. Though our techniques are primarily from Weh Ga Ryu, our philosophy and approach is very Neh Ga Ryu, similar to Tae Kuk Kwon because we follow the same Ship Sam Seh philosophy.

    The history of our martial art is richly based in Ship Sam Seh philosophy which centers around the interaction between Um and Yang. The way we move and the way we approach combat is in alignment with Um and Yang. It is clear that Hwang Kee, Chang Shi Ja greatly valued the Ship Sam Seh and its elements can be found scattered throughout the forms he created. As we continue to better understand Ship Sam Seh and how it relates to our training, the art of Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan continues to evolve based on the principles of Ryu Pa.

    Works Cited

    1 Meir, Shahar The Shaolin Monastery 2008 p. 137-140

    2 Hwang, Kee, Tang Soo Do (Soo Bahk Do) 1992 p. 40

    3 Hwang, Kee Tang Soo Do (Soo Bahk Do) 1992 p. 34-37

    4 Wile, Douglas Lost Tai-chi Classics from the Late Ch’ing Dynasty 1996 p. 108

    5 http://www.scheele.org/lee/classics.html#tccching

    6 Wilde, Douglas Lost Tai-chi Classics from the Late Ch’ing Dynasty 1996 p. 67

    7 Lo/Inn/Amacker/Foe The Essence of Tai Chi Chuan The Literary Tradition 1979 p.20-21

    *The following article was submitted as a part of my O Dan Shim Sa for the Euro Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan™ Technical Advisory Committee. All of information provided here is based on my own personal research and may not align with the official teachings of the US Soo Bahk Do Moo Duk Kwan™ Federation.

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    19 Oct 2013

  • Posted by Utah Martial Arts Feeds
  • Grappling Heroes-Wrestling-Steve Fraser-USA

    This Article comes from Ruiz Combat Grappling – Blog
    To see the full original article click here

    I had just placed 3rd at the 1996 Espoir National Championships in Greco Roman Wrestling and was qualified to take part in the ‘Big Brother’ Program offered by the US Olympic Training Center. I arrived on the campus and had an electrifying charge come over me. I’d never experienced anything like it before. I can only define it as the Olympic Spirit. 
    Steve Fraser is someone who fully embodies this spirit of excitement, passion, and energy. While I was at my first OTC camp he talked a lot about “Expecting to Win” and being mentally tough. Who better to talk about mental toughness than the first ever Olympic Gold Medalist for the United States in Greco Roman wrestling.

    In 1984 Steve stunned the world as he defeated the seemingly invincible Frank Andersson of Sweden who had already won 3 Greco Roman Wrestling world championships (1977, 79, 82). As an athlete Fraser won a gold medal at the 1983 Pan Am Games. Multiple national titles in Greco Roman and Freestyle Wrestling, was a 2x World Team Member and was also a 2xAll American for the University of Michigan.

    Steve Fraser making history winning the US’s first ever Greco Roman Olympic Gold Medal against Frank Andersson of Sweden at the 1984 Olympics.

    Fraser’s athletic credentials certainly impress but what is even more impressive is his ability to pass on his success
    to athletes under his watch. As the US National Team coach Fraser’s teams have; placed 3rd World championships in 2001 (the US’s best finish to that point) and won multiple world and Olympic individual medals and championships. The crowning moment of Steve’s coaching career was in 2007 when he lead the US squad to its first ever world championship title. 

    One of the most amazing things that Coach Fraser did was instill a sense of cockeyed optimism in his athletes. While
    I was an OTC athlete I remember seeing outlandish and lofty goals in the wrestling room like; “Win Olympic Championships, 6 medalists and 2 champions”, “Win World Championships, with 7 medalists”. To Steve these weren’t just words on a wall they were dreams with deadlines, they were solid and compelling goals. His desire for the US to succeed often exceeded that of the athlete’s themselves. 

    Steve Fraser has had a hand in developing 23 World and/or Olympic medalists during his coaching career. Including one of the biggest upsets in Olympic history in which Rulon Gardner defeated the undefeated Alexander Karelin at the Sydney Australia Olympics in 2000. Karelin had been undefeated in competition for 16 years up to that point.

    Steve Fraser is the current national team coach for USA Greco Roman Wrestling.

    Resources: Steve Fraser




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    19 Oct 2013

  • Posted by Utah Martial Arts Feeds
  • Get Better at Grappling Through Competition

    This Article comes from Ruiz Combat Grappling – Blog
    To see the full original article click here

    Over the years I’ve followed many a Facebook thread and forum
    topic that talk about who is tougher in grappling, Jiu Jitsu and wrestling. Many
    times these are interesting threads but most of them very one sided and written
    by folks that think they know more than they do about the grappling arts.
    Sometimes I laugh, sometimes I get frustrated, but mostly they make me

    I often wonder why it is that so many guys out there blatantly
    pass over opportunities to get better. I wonder why in the world a grappler or
    BJJ fighter wouldn’t want a fully developed takedown game. I wonder why a
    wrestler crossing over to grappling and MMA wouldn’t want a fully developed
    ground game. Sometimes it just boggles my mind. 

    On top of that there are countless people who will only compete
    in X organization or Y organization. As for me I want to compete in all of them
    and win in all of them. At many events I’ve heard athletes complain about their
    loss and how they would never fight in that org again. I can only assume had
    they won they would decry the amazing benefits and awesome potential of that
    same org. 
    I must confess at one point I used to hate a certain grappling
    organization. I felt they were completely unorganized and their capacity to run
    an event was questionable. For years I didn’t compete there. I chose to find
    other events that were better organized. 
    Not participating because of losing was not part of that equation
    even though I had both won and lost in that organization. In fact my general
    mantra has been to compete under as many grappling flags as possible. I wanted
    to find the groups that would best test my abilities and allow me the chance to
    fight tough fighters and develop myself as an athlete. 
    I loved the now defunct FILA grappling organization because there
    were so many countries represented. I also loved the fact that I could fight
    against international level wrestlers, judoka, MMA and BJJ fighters all in one
    tournament. I also loved that as a heavyweight I finally had more guys to
    compete with. Being a heavyweight sometimes means there are fewer opponents
    available to compete against, this is generally true in wrestling as well. 
    Usually at Grappler’s Quest and NAGA there aren’t a lot of
    heavyweight guys so the brackets are smaller. Although I have to approach those
    events with more of a ‘dual meet’ mentality I am grateful for the opportunity to
    compete in them although they are often not as fulfilling as having a full
    bracket of opponents. In the event that there are fewer opponents at my weight I
    compete in the Absolute division which also gives another dimension. 
    For me the whole point of competing is gaining more exposure to
    the sport of grappling and allowing oneself the opportunity to see, do and
    experience more grappling. The opportunity to test oneself is the real benefit.
    I struggle with the way that many schools and athletes approach
    competition. They hide themselves from risk and they fear losing more than they
    desire true development. Many instructors won’t allow their students to compete
    unless they know their student(s) will win. This is often solely fueled by the
    instructor’s fear of losing business more than the concern about whether his
    athlete(s) are prepared to compete. In every single grappling and BJJ tournament
    I can think of there are multiple age, weight and skill divisions that allow
    each competitor the opportunity to compete against someone of their own skill
    level. If an instructor is holding you back from that what is he really teaching
    you and more importantly what is he not teaching that he’s so afraid of you
    Contrast that with wrestling tournaments where an athlete can go
    up against a state or national champion in the first round whether they are
    ready or not. When I began competing at the Open or Senior division at the US
    Nationals at the age of 18 I didn’t have the luxury of competing against people
    of my own age, weight and skill. I drew Mike VanArsdale, NCAA champion, US
    National Team in Freestyle and former MMA fighter, the first round! That would
    be the BJJ equivalent of being a high level blue belt and drawing Jeff Glover
    for your first match!
    I had absolutely no chance of winning but that wasn’t the point.
    The point was that I was laying the foundation for future wins by losing then. I
    was making that first step of confronting one of the best guys in the country
    and learning that there was a higher level that I needed to
    One of the things that I love most about grappling is that
    athletes can have a chance to develop and grow on a much more conservative pace
    if they need or want to. I hope more athletes will take advantage of the great
    opportunities to compete. There are so many now that you can start at just
    about any level for which you are ready.

    Competition after all is merely a source of feedback about your
    training and preparations. It shows you how you handle real time pressures and
    stresses. It shows you where your technical strengths and weaknesses are
    residing. It shows you your strategic strengths and weaknesses. 
    Most athletes and coaches get so worked up over the winning and
    losing part of competition that they miss the forest for the trees. Take a more
    holistic look at your grappling experience and start giving tournaments and
    yourself a chance.  


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    11 Oct 2013

  • Posted by Utah Martial Arts Feeds
  • Not Coaching?

    This Article comes from Ruiz Combat Grappling – Blog
    To see the full original article click here

    As I scroll through my LinkedIn and Facebook accounts I often
    come across exceptional athletes who performed and excelled at the world level.
    Many times these athletes are working in fields other than wrestling. As I am
    one of those types of athletes (at least in Grappling/BJJ) I can understand the
    desire to have a life outside of sport. 

    What I wonder is have these athletes ever been approached to be
    coaches within the USAW system? For example, Lee Kemp, 3 time world champion (4
    x medalist) 4 x World cup champion, he is still in the wrestling world but why
    isn’t he coaching within the USAW system? What about 2 x world medalist Joe
      Williams? Bruce Baumgartner? John Smith? I know Baumgartner and Smith are
      coaching at the colleges but why not in the USAW system? 

    If I were someone in charge at USAW the first people I would hire
    would be; 1- US Athletes who had won 2 or more medals in world or Olympic
      competition 2- Foreign Athletes who had won 2 or more medals in world or
      Olympic competition. Since Russia and other eastern bloc countries have several
      of those in their system it couldn’t be that hard to hire some of them could
      it? There’s gotta be someone out there with multiple medal wins willing to come
      here and help out. 

    At one point Sergei Belaglozov was at the OTC in Colorado
      Springs. While he was there the “establishment” really didn’t capitalize on his
      knowledge or abilities. I wish I would have been more open in my own personal
      approach. I should’ve begged him to train me, sadly I was a wanna-be Greco guy
      looking right past a golden opportunity. 

    At the 2012 Olympics only those athletes that had their personal
    coaches on hand at the Olympics actually won medals. Adam Wheeler had Ivan
    Ivanov, Coleman Scott had John Smith, Jake Varner had Cael Sanderson, Jordan
    Burroughs had Mark Manning. I’m not sure if anyone else saw this as a very
    important part of the success of these athletes but I found it fascinating. 



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